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Fuel Storage


Fuel storage is an important safety concern in agriculture. The following sections discuss general safety guidelines for stationary fuel storage tanks, portable fuel tanks, and liquefied petroleum gas.

Stationary Fuel Storage Tanks

Petroleum products for agricultural use, including gasoline and diesel fuel, are stored in Aboveground Storage Tanks (AST) or Underground Storage Tanks (UST). The TNRCC regulates ASTs and USTs. Fuel tanks with volumes less than or equal to 1100 gallons are exempt from TNRCC requirements.

Fuel tanks with volumes greater than 1100 gallons must meet these requirements:

  • Notification
  • Registration
  • Annual fees
  • Recordkeeping

Portable Fuel Tanks

Even small quantities of fuel, such as gasoline, kerosene, or diesel fuel must be properly labeled and stored. Always use DOT approved metal tanks or UL or FM labeled containers to store small amounts of fuel. Store small portable fuel tanks in well-ventilated areas, away from other flammable materials or ignition sources. Do not use containers such as empty plastic milk jugs to store fuels. Please refer to the Chemical Safety chapter for more information on flammable materials.

¡IMPORTANT!
Clearly label fuel containers to indicate contents.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

The Texas Railroad Commission regulates the sale and use of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). There are several safety considerations associated with LPG. All LPG tanks must comply with Department of Transportation (DOT) standards for storage and use.

  • Paint LPG tanks either white or aluminum. Locate LPG tanks away from flammable materials and possible ignition sources. In addition, ensure that ASTs have noncombustible structural supports and a firm masonry foundation so that the bottom of the tank does not touch the ground.
  • LPG tanks cannot be downhill from flammable liquid tanks such as gasoline or diesel.
  • Stationary LPG tanks cannot be placed in any area beneath an electric transmission or distribution line.
  • LPG tanks must be equipped with hydrostatic relief valves, excess flow valves, etc, as required by the Texas Railroad Commission.

¡IMPORTANT!
Portable LPG containers may be used within a building; however, they must be stored in a separate location outside of the building. Refer to the Fire/Life Safety chapter for more information.

The following table provides minimum safe distance requirements for the location of stationary LPG containers.

Location Description
0-500.99
Gallons
501-2000.99
Gallons
2001-4000.99
Gallons
 
Minimum Safe Distance
Ignition Source/Combustible Material
10 feet
15 feet
25 feet
Flammable Liquid Container
20 feet
20 feet
20 feet
Building
10 feet
15 feet
25 feet
Adjoining Property line
10 feet
15 feet
25 feet
Roadway, Railway, Utility Line, or Pipe Line
10 feet
15 feet
25 feet

 


May 2011
Reviewed November 2014