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Reactives & Explosives


Reactive chemicals are sensitive to either friction or shock or they react in the presence of air, water, light, or heat. Explosive chemicals decompose or burn very rapidly when subjected to shock or ignition. Reactive and explosive chemicals produce large amounts of heat and gas; they are extremely dangerous.

Examples of reactive compounds include the following:

REACTIVE CLASSIFICATION

CHEMICAL EXAMPLES

Acetylenic compounds

Acetylene
Copper(I) acetylide

Azides

Benzenesulfonyl azide
Lead (II) azide

Azo compounds

Azomethane
Diazomethane

Chloro/perchloro compounds

Lead perchlorate
Potassium chlorite
Silver chlorate

Fulminates

Copper (II) fulminate
Silver fulminate

Nitro compounds

Nitromethane
Trinitrotoluene

Nitrogen-containing compounds

Silver amide
Silver nitride

Organic peroxide formers

Diethyl ether
Isopropyl ether

Picrates

Picric acid (dry)
Lead picrate

Peroxides

Diacetyl peroxide
Zinc peroxide

Strained ring compounds

Benzvalene
Prismane

Polymerizable compounds

Butadiene
Vinyl chloride



June 2011
Revised November 2014